Selamat datang di Blog saya, semoga dengan lewat wadah ini kita bisa sharing berbagai pengalaman dan pengetahuan sebagai lesson learn............!!!!

Kamis, 27 Desember 2012

Liburan di Roma Italy 24 - 27 Desember 2012.

Roma adalah ibu kota Italia, ibu kota Provinsi Roma dan juga ibu kota daerah Lazio. Kota ini terletak di hilir sungai Tiber, dekat Laut Tengah, di 41°54' LU 12°29' BT. Vatikan, sebuah daerah kantong (enklave) berdaulat di dalam wilayah Roma, adalah pusat Gereja Katolik Roma dengan pemimpin seorang Sri Paus.

Minggu, 11 November 2012

Tembok Berlin adalah sebuah tembok pembatas terbuat dari beton yang dibangun oleh Republik Demokratik Jerman (Jerman Timur) yang memisahkan Berlin Barat dan Berlin Timur serta daerah Jerman Timurlainnya sehingga membuat Berlin Barat sebuah enklave. Tembok ini mulai dibangun pada tanggal 13 Agustus 1961. Tembok pembatas ini juga dibarengi dengan pendirian menara penjaga yang dibangun sepanjang tembok ini, juga pendirian sebuah daerah terlarang, yang diisi dengan ranjau anti kendaraan. Para pemerintah Jerman Timur menyatakan bahwa tembok ini dibangun untuk melindungi para warganya dari elemen-elemen fasis yang dapat memicu gerakan-gerakan besar, sehingga mereka dapat membentuk pemerintahan komunis di Jerman Timur. Meski begitu, dalam prakteknya, ternyata tembok ini digunakan untuk mencegah larinya penduduk Berlin Timur ke wilayah Berlin Barat, yang berada dalam wilayah Jerman Barat.

Sabtu, 20 Oktober 2012

Jalan2 ke Lausanne - SWISS

The Lausanne area was already settled in the fourth millennium BC. The Romans built a military camp, which they named Lousonna, on the site of a Celtic settlement in what is now the suburb of Vidy.

In the 7th century it became the seat of the bishopric of Lausanne. The town developed as an economic and religious centre in the Middle Ages, ruled by the bishop. It lay on the Via Francigena pilgrim route between Canterbury and Rome. Over the years the citizens, backed by the counts of Savoy, gradually won more freedoms.

The city lost much of its importance when Bern took it over along with the whole of what is now Canton Vaud in 1536, and ruled it until 1798. When Vaud became a separate canton in 1803, Lausanne became the capital.

Jalan2 ke Geneve - SWISS

Geneva was a border town, fortified against the Celtic tribe Helvetii, when the Romans took it in 121 BC. It became Christian under the Late Roma Empire, and acquired its first bishop at this time. In the Middle ages , Geneva was ruled by a count under the Holy Roman Empire until the late 14th century, when it was granted a charter giving it a high degree of self-governance. Around this time the House of Savoy came to (at least nominally) dominate the city. In the 15th century, an oligarchic republican government emerged with the creation of the Ground Council . In the first half of the 16th century, the Protestant Reformation reached the city, causing religious strife during which Savoy rule was thrown off and Geneva flirted with joining the Swiss Federation.  In 1536, with Protestantism in the ascendancy, John Calvin, the founder of Calvanism, became the spiritual leader of the city. By the 18th century, however, Geneva had come under the influence of Catholic Frence, which cultivated the city elite, who tended to be at odds with the ordinary townsfolk – to the point that an abortive revolution took place in 1782. In 1798, revolutionary France under the Directory annexed Geneva. At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, in 1815, Geneva was admitted to the Swiss Confederation. In 1907, the separation of Church and State was adopted. Geneva flourished in the 19th and 20th centuries, becoming the seat of many international organizations.

LSO Seminar at Avignon-France 25 January 2012 
Avignon is situated on the left bank of the Rhone  river, a few kilometres above its confluence with the Durance , about 580 km (360.4 mi) south-east of Paris, 229 km (142.3 mi) south of Lyon and 85 km (52.8 mi) north-north-west of Marseille. Avignon occupies a large oval-shaped area, not fully populated and covered to a large extent by parks and gardens.

Strasbourg is situated on the III River, where it flows into the Rhine on the border with Germany, across from the German town Kehl. The city is situated in the Upper Rhine Plain,, approximately 20 km (12 mi) east of the Vosges Mountains and 25 km (16 mi) west of the Black Forest.
The location and the resulting poor natural ventilation makes Strasbourg one of the most atmospherically polluted cities of France, although the progressive disappearance of heavy industry  on both banks of the Rhine, as well as effective measures of traffic regulation in and around the city are showing encouraging results. 

Futbol Club Barcelona, also known as Barcelona and familiarly as Barça, is a professional football club, based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

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